National Centre for Information and
Tourism Promotion Poiana Brasov

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About Poiana Brasov

Poiana Brasov is situated at an altitude of

1.020 m

at the foot of Postavarul Mountain.


Access by car from Brasov or by bus from Livada Postei, on a distance of

12km

In the resort, you can find accommodation in hotels and guesthouses with 2, 3 and 4 stars. The resort has a generous winter sports complex with slopes, lift facilities (ski lifts, cable cars and gondola).
In the resort there are rental centers for winter sports equipment, bicycles, scooters and other means of transport used for recreation.
Places that can be visited in Postavarul: "The Milky Cave" ("Pestera de Lapte") Solomon's Rocks, Key Ridge (steep Itvig), Idols' Temple (Heathens' Church), Tampa reservation. The route Poiana Brasov - Cristianul Mare Peak has two cable cars that reach the top in 5-6 minutes.

The first cable car on Mount Postavarul was built in 1883 and the first ski competition in Romania took place here in 1906, the first skiers climbing Postavarul in 1895. In 1951, the existing facilities at the time allowed the organization University Winter World Games.

The largest resort development occurs in the last 30-40 years, with the building of new hotels, new slopes and ski lifts. Today there are nine trails and 7 lifts installations.

z1Postavarul Mountains

Postavarul Mountains (Schuler in German, Kereszteny-havas in Hungarian) are a mountainous division of the Curvature Carpathians pertaining to the mountain chain of Eastern Carpathians. Situated in the intra-Carpathian basin of Brasov and the northern slope of the Bucegi Massif, the Postavarul Mountains represent an attraction to the visitors in the region of Brasov. Surrounded by vast low-pressure areas (the Depression of Brasov, the Timis Valley, the Large Valley of Rasnoava), the Postavarul Mountains reveal themselves to the viewer through their highest peak, Postavarul Mountain (commonly known as “Postavaru”), 1799 m high, where the most popular mountain resort of the country is located – Brasov.

The name of the mountains came from a shepherd who lived in the Schei Quarter of Brasov (an old Romanian Quarter of Brasov) – Stoica Postavarul – who, in the early 18th century owned a sheepfold located in the pasture grounds and grasslands hidden among the slopes of the massif.

The archive researches have revealed a document that mentions the “Posztovorul sive Christianul” sheepfold, meaning that the new owner at that date was Cristian (P. Blinder, 1973). This also accounts fot the name of Cristianul Mare, under which Postavarul Mountain is also known (1799 m).

postavarul

z2History

Since the old days, Poiana has been the go-to-place for hikers and winter sports enthusiasts. The first documentation of the place dates back from 1427 as an area used by shepherds.

Founded in 1895, Poiana Brasov started off as a tourist area for the city of Brasov. The first building was started here in 1904. In 1906, Poiana Brasov became a ski resort and held the first Skiing Competition in Romania.

Until around 1950, the resort was kept within the natural features. Only a few small villas and cabins could be seen here and there.

In 1951, Poiana Brasov held the World University Winter Games. On this occasion, a modern sporting hotel and the first cableway from Poiana to Postavaru (2.150m long) are built.

More and more developments and facilities soon follow, giving Poiana the look we know today.

Lying on a plateau at the foot of the mountain Postavarul, which is part of the Mid-Carpathians, the Poiana Brasov resort is a model of beauty.

z3Flora

The forest, made up of sub-species of beech, resinous trees and a combination of resinous and leafy trees, occupies nearly the entire surface of the reserve, next to small surfaces of pasture grounds and grasslands. The vegetal carpet is rich, and the many floral species cover the meadows and grasslands of the reserve in dozens of colours. Among the best known plants, we may name the wild lilac, the Carpathian wonder, the shepherd’s purse, the wild strawberry, the blackberry etc. there are different varieties of mushrooms, such as: the penny bun, the coral fungus, the chanterelle, the aniseed toadstool.

The structure of the forest:

    • Beeches, with species such as: the sycamore maple, the service tree, the red oak, the birch tree, the goat willow, the common aspen, the alder, the ash tree, the hornbeam, the cherry tree;
    • Combinations of beech, fir and spruce fir;
    • Resinous trees: the fir, the spruce fir, the Scots pine, the European black pine, the Douglas fir, the juniper tree, the larch tree, the arolla pine.

 

Among the species comprised by the herbaceous layer of the beech forests are the cowslip, the blue jewel, the hollow wort, the forget-me-not flower, the bluebell and the windflower, while under the resinous forests we may find: wood sorrels, ferns. Among the rare and protected plants are the snow rose, the Edelweiss, the yellow gentioan, the slipper orchid, the white ivy, the Nigritella nigra, the globe-flower, the garden Angelica, the Easter flower, the bellflower, the leopard plant.

z4Position and borders

The Postavarul Mountains ar made up of: Postavaril Massif, the Poiana Brasov Mountains and the Predeal Mountains, whereas the Postavarul reserve is made up of the first two subunits of mountains.

Postavarul Massif is situated in the North-West, between the Cheia Valley, the Timis Valley and Poiana Brasov. In the North-East corner of the limy mountain crest of Muchea Cheii, rises Postavarul Mountain (1799 m). At the South-West end of the Muchea Cheii crest, nature has created Cheile Rasnovilui (Rasnov Gorges) with steep walls and wild aspect. The western slope, oriented towards Poiana Brasov, is steeper. Ski slopes have been developed there. To the South-East of Postavarul Massif, the Depression of Timis formed, with low hill tops that contrast with the surrounding mountainous landscape. The Timis Valley is the one that separates the Postavarul Mountains from Piatra Mare Massif with which it bears great resemblance in what concerns certain features of the landscape.

To be noted:
Altitude of Brasov City: 550-650 m
Altitude of Poiana Brasov: 950-1050 m
Altitude of Postavarul Mountain: 1799 m

z5Climate

Postavarul Mountain is characterized by nearly average temperatures ranging between 0 and 2 degrees Celsius. In Poiana Brasov the yearly average temperatures range between 4 and 6 degrees Celsius, while in Brasov they range between 6 and 8. In Poiana Brasov, January and February are the coldest months of the year, with average temperatures that range between -5 and -8 degrees. There are occasional thermal inversion phenomena.

Thus, it is colder down, in Brasov city, than it is in poiana Brasov and the fog from the bottom of the depression cannot be seen high up, in the resort. The highest temperatures in Poiana Brasov are usually recorded in July, with monthly averages ranging between 8 and 14 degrees Celsius, while at the bottom of the Massif, in Brasov city, the average is approximately 18 degrees Celsius.

z6Fauna

The fauna is represented by specimens of brown bear, Red deer, wild-boar, Roe deer, wolf, lynx, raven, common buzzard, hazel grouse, wood grouse etc.

The waters that flow across the massif are home for the brown trout, the great crested newt, the yellow-bellied toad, and the Carpathian newt.

z7Geology

In the composition of the Postavarul Mountains predominate the Jurassic and Triassic calcite formations, cretaceous conglomerates, associated with sandstone and diorite sand wrapped in a complex structure. The Western and North-Western calcice formations of the Poiana Brasov Mountains have seen the shaping of different gorges (Cheile Rasnoavei, Pietrele lui Solomon), caves and grottos.

The caves are small-sized and do not have any particular concretionary shapes. They are quite little known: the Grotto in Pietrele lui Solomon (Solomon’s Stones), the Ocru Cave, the Cernedeal cave. The best known caves are those in Valea Fundata (Fundata Valley) and Valea Cetatii (the Valley of the Citadel).

z8Reserves

  • Tampa nature reserve and park – with a total surface of 188.2 hectares – interesting for its flora.
  • Stejerisul Mare Reserve – also known as Coltii Corbului Mare – shelters 20 hectares of beech forest and a group of limestone cliffs with species of chalcophile vegetation.
  • The Postavarul landscape reserve (1025 hectares) – hosts rare species of plants and animals that have been declared natural monuments.
  • Poiana Secuilor Flower Reserve.

The soil varies by altitude, as follows: brown soil (good forest soil, frequently met in hardwood) and brown podzolic soil at altitudes lower than 1000 m, acid brown soil between 100-1400 m and podzolic soil (typical for coniferous forests) al altitudes higher than 1400 m. On the limestone slopes the rendzina soil types are prevalent, with incorporated bedrock and surface bedrock. On plateaus and flat hill tops there are low permeability soils, where water surfaces for long periods of time.

z9Tourist traks

Brasov – Pietrele lui Solom – Stejaris – Zimbru – Poiana Brasov (Drumul vechi)
DURATION: 1 ½ – 2 h, when climbing; 1 h when descending. Easy during summer, average during winter.

Brasov – Bufetul Piatra – Poiana Nisipului – La Cariera – Poiana Dresde – Poiana Doamnei – Poiana Cristianul Mare – Poiana Trei Fetite – Spinarea Calului – Cabana Poiana Secuilor – Cabana Trei Brazi – Predeal – DN73A
DURATION: 4 – 4 ½ h when climbing; 3 h when descending. Average during summer, difficult during winter.

Brasov – Poarta Schei – Saua Tampei – Poiana Stechil – Crucuru Mare Mountain – Poiana Ruia – Cabana Postavaru – Cabana Cristianu Mare – Postavaru Peak – Drumul Serpilor – Valea Draga – Timisul de Jos
DURATION: 5 h when climbing; 3 ½ h when descending. Average during summer, difficult during winter.

Brasov – Star Shopping Center(under Tampa hill) – serpentine – Tampa Peak
DURATION: 1 ½ h. Easy during summer, easy during winter.

Brasov – Temelia Quarter – Valea Cetatii – Valea cu Apa – Hotel Poiana Ursului

Brasov – Valea Cetatii – Kermen Peak – Crucuru Mare Mountain

Poiana Brasov – Restaurant Capra Neagra – Izvorul din Pietris – Cabana Postavaru – Poiana Cristanul Mare – Postavaru Peak
DURATION: 3 h. Average track.

Poiana Brasov – Skating Rink – Prapastia Lupului – Poiana Cristianul Mare – Cabana Postavaru
Directional marking: blue cross up to the Cristianul Mare Chalet, followed by red cross.
DURATION: 2 h. Average track.

Poiana Brasov – Skating Rink – Prapastia Lupului – Poiana Popii – Groapa de Aur – Valea Poienii – Cabana Cheia Rasnoavei
DURATION: 3 ½ h when climbing; 4 h when descending. Average during summer, difficult during winter.

Timisul de Sus – Valea Calului – Valea Cheii – Cabana Cheia Rasnoavei
DURATION: 3 h. Average track in all seasons.

Cabana Dambul Morii – Valea Larga Mare – Noua Quarter – Brasov
DURATION: 1 ½ h. Easy track.

Comuna Cristian – Poiana Brasov – Poiana Cristianul
DURATION: 2 ½ h. Easily accessible track in all seasons.

Orasul Rasnov – Hotel Cetatea – Valea Cetatii – Valea Poienii – Poiana Brasov – Skating Rink
DURATION: 3 h. Easily accessible track in all seasons.

Orasul Rasnov – Valea Popii – Poiana Sub Padinu – Pestera Rasnoavei – Poaiana Cristianul – Valea Sticlariei – Stejaris – Pietrele lui Solomon – Brasov ; Drumul lui Gunesch (Gunesch’s Path)
DURATION: 4 h. Accessible track in all seasons.

Orasul Rasnov – Hotel Cetatea – Poiana Sub Padinu – Pestera Rasnoavei
Directional marking: blue cross up to Poiana Sub Padinu, followed by blue strip.
DURATION: 1 ½ h. Easy track.

Cabana Cheia Rasnoavei – Cheisoara – Rapa dracului – Poiana Brasov – Skating Rink
DURATION: 2 ½ h; 3 ½ h when descending. Difficult track during the summer, if water courses are high in the sector of the gorges, difficult during winter.

Pestera Rasnoavei – Bisericuta Paganilor
DURATION: ½ h. Easily accessible track in all seasons.